Dr. Matt Poore, NC State Extension. This document was reviewed by Dan Wells and Bryan Blinson
Producers experiencing hay and pasture losses as a result of Hurricane Florence will find the Hay Alert website a useful tool in securing sufficient hay for their winter needs. This site was originally developed in response to the drought of 2007, and it was updated in 2016 during the Hurricane Matthew response. The website
was developed and is managed by the NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services in collaboration with N.C. Cooperative Extension.
The Hay Alert website is not designed to collect and exchange payment, but rather it is a tool that allows farmers to list hay for sale and hay needed, with the goal of helping those with supply to connect with those in need. Other useful parts including a transportation section, “share the load” section, emergency equipment and services ads, and other information, all of which make this tool very useful for producers and their advisors to make sure their winter hay and feed needs are met.
Producers that lost hay or pasture in Florence should assess their hay needs now. If losses were due to inundation with flood waters, then producers need to make the first step of submitting a notice of loss to their local FSA office within 30 days after the loss. That date is October 15, so don’t let it sneak up on you if you have losses due to flooding to report. If you have difficulty getting to the county office, this notice of loss can be submitted by making a phone call or sending an e-mail to the county FSA office. More information on available disaster programs from FSA and advice for farmers experiencing hay, pasture and grazing livestock losses can be found on the NC Disaster Information Center
Hay that was not flooded but that was stored outside and exposed to a lot of rain will in most cases not be a total loss. Pasture that was flooded might be a complete loss depending on the species and the time it was underwater. In a phone report on October 3, 2018, a producer in Pender County observed that in his area all fescue pastures that were underwater more than 2 days were dead, but bahiagrass and bermudagrass pastures with similar flooding were green and growing after the waters receded.
He is planning on overseeding these areas with oats and crimson clover, and then planning on planting back with bahiagrass. In the next few weeks any pastures that were severely impacted need to be assessed and overseeded with winter annuals so grazing is available by early spring. More detail about hay and pasture management following the flood can be found at the Amazing Grazing
If you are unsure how to calculate your hay needs N.C. Cooperative Extension agents at our N.C. Cooperative Extension County Centers across the state can help you with that. If you are in a hay deficit you can put a “hay wanted” ad on the Hay Alert website, and can also look through the “hay for sale” section to see what is available in your area. We will be monitoring the Hay Alert ads and will help when necessary, but the site is intended to be a farmer to farmer system.
Likewise, if you have hay you would like to sell or donate you can list an ad in the hay for sale section. If you would like to assist farmers in need with donated hay or assistance by transporting hay to the affected areas, this site would be a good place to identify farmers who could use the help. You can watch this fall as farmers post their needs on the Hay Alert website and then reach out to those farmers directly to see how you might be of assistance. This is also a location you can place an ad if you wish to go help farmers with cleanup, fence repair, and other recovery activities.
When you place an ad on Hay Alert there are options for “baled hay for sale,” “baled hay needed,” “standing hay for sale,” or “standing hay needed.” If you have experienced losses due to the storm, use the text box in the ad to describe your needs, as we will advise people with hay to donate to look at the site and find folks in need.
One problem we have experienced in past emergency responses is the difficulty finding transportation for hay shipments. The transportation section gives contact information for transportation companies that are willing and ready to haul hay. If you don’t need a whole truckload of hay you can use the “share a load” ad to try to find other producers to split a load with you.
Keep in mind there is a lot of hay and other alternative sources of feed for livestock in the state that was not damaged by Florence. The Hay Alert website is an important starting point for you as you plan your winter hay needs. Take a look at that and contact your county N.C. Cooperative Extension office or other advisors to get help.
Disaster Programs from Farm Services Agency Important to Pasture-Based Livestock Farmers Impacted by Hurricane Florence. 9-20-2018
As flood waters recede it is critical that farmers document losses they experienced as a result of Hurricane Florence. Damage to livestock, fences, and pastures should be documented both by a written affidavit describing the extent of the losses, and photos of the damage. Using maps to document locations of damage, high water level, etc. will be most useful.
It is also very helpful to have an independent third party (Extension Agent, Animal Control, Sheriff’s Deputy) document damage/loss or at least take some photos. Other programs will be available for producers of other agricultural commodities (crop insurance). This document is primarily intended for farmers raising pasture-based livestock including horses, beef cattle, dairy cattle, sheep, goats and other pastured species.
As soon as possible after the farm is accessible you should call your local USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) office and let them know that you have experienced damage. They can advise you on how they want you to report the damage and fill out an application for help. With the amount of damage experienced in Florence, it is likely that some local offices may have been damaged, so the actual application process may vary with the county you are in.
It is important that you notify FSA before you start making permanent repairs, and it is also important that you document all costs you incur during recovery. Currently, there are authorized and funded programs available from USDA-FSA to pay for lost livestock, fix damaged fences, remove storm debris, and to pay for damage to hay, feed, and pasture forage. These programs are described here briefly.
Fact sheets on each of these programs are available on the NC Disaster Information Center page at N.C. Cooperative Extension’s website.
Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP)
. The LIP pays for livestock that were killed as a result of the storm. Eligibility is limited to livestock kept for commercial production and excludes animals kept as pets, for recreation (such as show animals). Most species of farm animals are eligible including cattle, sheep, goats, poultry, and a variety of exotic species. Payment rates are set at 75% of the national average value of these species, and a detailed payment schedule is available.
Emergency Conservation Program (ECP)
. The ECP pays for cleanup of storm debris and repair of direct damage to fences and farmland. Activities covered by ECP would include the removal of woody material, rocks, sand, trash, and other materials present on land as a result of the storm.It also will help pay for the repair of fences, and the repair of land through grading, shaping or leveling. It also will pay for repair of damaged conservation structures such as ditches, and irrigation lines.
Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey-bees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP)
. The ELAP pays for death loss, damage to pasture forage, and damage to hay, silage and other feed. Loss of pasture forage is eligible up to 150 grazing days, and payment is for each day grazing was lost (2018 payment rate is $0.94/day). In most cases, flooding for more than a few days will result in a total loss of standing pasture forage.
Hay losses are eligible on purchased hay or hay produced by the farmer for use in feeding their livestock. Hay still standing in the field and hay raised specifically for sale are not eligible. Feed damaged by the storm, whether purchased or home-grown is eligible. The payment rate for lost feed or harvested forage is 60% of the actual costs incurred by the farmer to purchase or produce these feedstuffs.