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Garden Calendar: January

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January Garden Calendar

Plants in Flower

red maple bloom

red maple bloom


  • Use wood ashes on your vegetable garden, bulb beds, and non-acid loving plants if the pH of the soil is below 6.0.
  • Fertilize your vegetable garden, as recommended by your soil test results, before planting cool-season vegetables.

Home Food Production

  • Send soil samples and look for results online.
  • Apply needed lime (or sulfur for acid-loving plants) – this reaction takes months so apply immediately.
  • For annual crops order seeds and transplants.
  • For perennial crops order asparagus crowns, strawberry plants, rhubarb crowns, muscadine vines, cane berry plants, blueberry plants, fruit trees for late February to mid-March planting.


  • Prune grape vines.
  • Prune broken and undesired limbs on your shade trees.
  • Remove “weed” or undesirable trees from your landscape.
  • Prune fruit trees while dormant, such as apples, cherry, nectarine, peach, pear and plum before buds open.
  • While pruning, remove leaves and clippings to prevent disease problems.

Lawn Care

  • Keep tree leaves from collecting on your lawn.
  • Slow-release fertilizers may be applied on cool-season lawns.



Hydrangea macrophylla Glowing Embers

Specific Chores

  • Do not forget to care for holiday house plants like poinsettia, amaryllis, Christmas cactus, gloxinia and cyclamen.
  • Study your home landscape to see what additions or improvements can be made this spring.
  • Visit your local Extension Center for landscape and garden information.
  • Prepare a spot in the vegetable garden for early spring vegetables like English peas, cabbage, carrots, onions, Irish potatoes, radishes, rutabagas, spinach and turnips.
  • Study your seed catalogs and check for the All-American Selections of flowers and vegetables.
  • Order fruit trees, if not done last fall.
  • Contact the N.C. Cooperative Extension, Catawba County Center to find out the recommended small fruit varieties.

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